The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach in Nepal was initiated in Nepal since 1997 within the Community IPM support Program. During this stage, the program was financially supported through FAO and was also operated in support of FAO and Plant Protection Division. Over the time, this program has been run by Plant Protection Directorate (PPD) and been executed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Nepal. The financial support from first phase (2003-2007) and for second phase (2008-2013) has been received through Norwegian Government. PPD has been the coordinating role for its operation, where FAO-Nepal has been remaining in the backstopping part in some of the selected intensive IPM Districts.
The National Integrated Pest Management Program in Nepal has been designed to support reduction of poverty, ensure food security and environment protection in a sustainable way. Its strategy is to implement and gradually up-scale participatory IPM using the Farmers Field School approach as a national program covering seventy five districts of Nepal in integrated agricultural development with primary focus on rural poor where IPM will increase economic benefits, concomitant development of farmer empowerment and better marketing of safer commodities leading to a transparent mode of agricultural transactions that safegourds human health and environment in response to governments national commitments to global biodiversity and environment protection and WTO related issues.
The first phase of the project began in 2003 when the Government of the Kingdom of Norway agreed to provide a grant totaling US$ 1,284, 444 for the "Support to the National IPM Program in Nepal. The main objective of the program was "to contribute to sustainable broad based poverty reduction and food security while contributing to environment protection". The specific objectives were (i) to contribute to institutionalize a sustainable national IPM program in Nepal by strengthening the capacity of the PPD, and strengthening the capacity of National, Regional and District level training and extension institutions, and (ii) to empower farmers to increase production and productivity efficiently, while protecting the environment. To implement this program, Government of Nepal signed an agreement with FAO to provide management and technical assistance services under UTF/NEP/055/NEP Project. The first phase of the National IPM program ended officially in December 2007 but was extended at no extra costs until the end of February 2008.
To continue the activities, the Government of Norway has granted NOK 27 million to Nepal in support of the consolidation, intensification and institutionalization phase of the National IPM Program. This support is based on the realization that IPM is not just about pest control, but about a holistic and sustainable production, management that can help achieves food security and alleviate poverty. The project agreement for (US $ 5,000,000) the second phase was signed on 27 October 2008 between the Government of Nepal and Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. At the same time, an UTF/NEP/059/NEP agreement for US$ 3,400,000 was signed between the Government of Nepal and the Food and Agricultural services with major focus on developing modules and approaches for intensification and institutionalization of IPM on a pilot mode in the selected 12 districts of the country. Since 2010, additional five districts were added through the regular program of the PPD.